With the extremely low-noise quartz tuning fork charge amplifier HQA-15M-10T, FEMTO has added an application-specific amplifier to its product range.
The HQA-15M-10T is a charge amplifier specially developed for pure AC sources which, on average over time, neither have nor generate a DC component. Accordingly, the HQA does not require any resetting of the integration stage.
It is best suited for quartz tuning forks, such as used in atomic force microscopy (AFM). Pyro- and piezoelectric detectors as well as longitudinal resonators are further suitable signal sources.
Its outstanding features include the very low noise of 40 × 10-21 C/√Hz, a high gain of 10 V/pC and a large bandwidth from 250 Hz to 15 MHz.
- High gain of 1 x 1013 V/C
- Wide bandwidth from 250 Hz to 15 MHz
- Low input noise of 40 zC/√Hz and 700 pV/√Hz
- Excellent signal-to-noise ratio across the full bandwidth
- Ideal for AC coupled charge sources such as pyro- and piezoelectric detectors, tuning fork quartz crystals and longitudinal resonators
EXCELLENT SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO
The HQA-15M-10T is designed for amplifying charge signals generated by tiny tuning forks. It is also best suited for receiving signals from piezoelectric detectors, such as used for the detection of ultrasonic vibrations. Using the charge amplifier HQA-15M-10T reduces noise typically by one order of magnitude compared to traditional current-to-voltage converter setups.
THE SPECIAL OPERATING MODE OF CHARGE AMPLIFIERS
A charge amplifier is a current integrator. An output voltage is generated which is proportional to the charge accumulated at the amplifier input over a certain period of time. A charge amplifier often needs a reset mechanism to avoid overloading the integration stage. The HQA-15M-10T was developed for AC signal sources that do neither have nor generate a DC component on average over time. The charge of such sources is symmetrically alternating positive and negative. Since the resulting charge is zero, the HQA-15M-10T does not require a reset.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A CURRENT AMPLIFIER AND A CHARGE AMPLIFIER
The output signal of a current amplifier (synonymous with transimpedance amplifier) is directly proportional to the input current. The current is the derivative of the charge with respect to time. Therefore, the output signal of a current amplifier corresponds to the derivative of the output signal of an equivalent charge amplifier.
CHARGE MEASUREMENTS DOWN TO THE PICO AND FEMTO COULOMB RANGE
The HQA-15M-10T was developed for AC charge sources such as tuning fork crystals and longitudinal resonators. The amplifier is characterized by a very low-noise design and high gain in order to achieve excellent sensitivity for charge measurements down to the pico and femtocoulomb range. In contrast to some other amplifiers, the HQA-15M-10T does not require cooling, which results in a much more compact design and easier handling. The small housing enables use near the signal source and thus avoids signal interference from long cables. After all, the large bandwidth from 250 Hz to 15 MHz is ideal for versatile use with a large selection of suitable signal sources.
- Pyro and piezoelectric detectors
- Tuning fork quartz crystals
- Longitudinal resonators
- Atomic force microscopy (AFM)
|Charge Gain||1 x 1013 V/C|
|Equivalent Current Gain||1.6 x 106 V/A @ 1 MHz sinusoidal input signal|
|Lower Cut-Off Frequency||250 Hz|
|Upper Cut-Off Frequency||15 MHz|
|Input Charge Noise||40 x 10-21 C/√Hz @ 1 MHz|
|Equivalent Input Current Noise||250 fA/√Hz @ 1 MHz sinusoidal input signal|
|Input Voltage Noise||700 pV/√Hz @ 1 MHz|
|Input Impedance||1 GΩ || 10 nF|
|Effective AC Input Impedance||20 Ω @ 1 MHz sinusoidal input signal|
|Output Performance||10 V peak-peak @ 1 MΩ load|
|Power Supply||± 15 V, ± 35 mA typ.|
|Case||94 x 51 x 27 mm (L x W x H), weight 200 g (0.44 lb.)|